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Link to OurDocuments.gov’s transcript of document

OurDocuments.gov’s summary of document:

“This treaty, signed on September 3, 1783, between the American colonies and Great Britain, ended the American Revolution and formally recognized the United States as an independent nation.”

Thoughts on Transcript, including pull quotes and marked phrases:

A  fairly standard peace treaty in the history of treaties, if generous to the USA.  A monumental one in the history of the United States.  The United States is granted diplomatic recognition and independence by Great Britain and boundaries are drawn for the new nation.

9-2-13-treaty-of-paris

The borders of the US were drastically increased, as can be seen by the map above.  The territory that would later become Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, West Virginia, and Mississippi is contained within the new lands, as is expansion for the current states of New York, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, and Georgia.

Fishing and Navigation rights are also established – showing that the two nations wish to still have economic ties.

More information and analysis can be found at the Wikipedia article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Paris_(1783)

Summary of the treaty of Paris:

  • Introduction
  • Article 1: Recognition of Sovereignty of USA
  • Article 2: Sets boundaries of USA and Canadian territories
  • Article 3: Fishing Rights
  • Article 4: Payment of Debts
  • Article 5: Restitution to Exiled British Who Did Not Fight
  • Article 6: No More Confiscations Conducted
  • Article 7: Withdrawal of Forces and Return of Prisoners and Property
  • Article 8: Navigation Rights of the Mississippi River
  • Article 9: After the Treaty is Signed, Any Conquests Do Not Count
  • Article 10: Signing

Introduction

“In the Name of the most Holy & undivided Trinity …”

“… to forget all past Misunderstandings and Differences that have unhappily interrupted the good Correspondence and Friendship which they mutually wish to restore …”

Article 1st

“His Britanic Majesty acknowledges the said United States … to be free sovereign and Independent States; that he treats with them as such …”

Article 5th:

“It is agreed that all Persons who have any Interest in confiscated Lands, either by Debts, Marriage Settlements, or otherwise, shall meet with no lawful Impediment in the Prosecution of their just Rights.”

Article 7th:

“… his Britanic Majesty shall with all convenient speed, and without causing any Destruction, or carrying away any Negroes or other Property of the American inhabitants; withdraw all his Armies, Garrisons & Fleets …”

Article 10th:

Signatories:

  • David Hartley [the Younger / the Second] (signatory from Britain, thinker, politician, writer of Letters on the American War)
  • John Adams (envoy to the Netherlands, future President)
  • Benjamin Franklin (envoy to France, great thinker and inventor)
  • John Jay (envoy to Spain, future Chief Justice, writer of Federalist Papers),

 

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